Contemporary expressions of the ancient art form of firing and fusing finely ground glass onto copper, my enamels are flat and/or dimensional tiled wall pieces, assemblages of enameled recycled copper, and reshaped copper pipe.

Once I sift the first layer of vitreous glass over scrupulously cleaned copper then fired, I have a base upon which to build my piece one layer/one firing at a time, up to 10 times or more. I kiln-fire at temperatures as high as 1500 degrees Fahrenheit.

Enamels are touchable, tolerant of sunlight, water and changes in temperature. The colors are permanent and most beautifully seen in good light that intensifies the jewel-like colors and the effects of layering.